Closing on Your Home with a VA Loan: What to Expect

Couple at settlementAre you a veteran or current service member looking to purchase a home with a VA loan? Closing on a home can be complex, but with a VA loan, you can potentially simplify the process. In this article, we'll share what you can expect during the VA loan closing process, including important steps and timelines, so you can be better prepared for a stress-free closing.

VA Loan Funding

A VA loan is an excellent option if you're a veteran interested in buying a home. The VA funding fee, which the Department of Veterans Affairs levies to help defray program costs, is one of the most significant benefits of a VA loan.

The loan's size, type of military service, loan type, and whether or not you have a disability rating from the VA will determine the funding fee amount. The funding fee is usually included in the total loan amount, so it's essential to understand the closing costs and the closing process to ensure you're making the most of your VA loan benefit.

Additionally, VA loans may offer lower down payment and mortgage insurance requirements, making them an attractive option for home buying for veterans.

VA Loan Discount Points

It's essential to understand the VA loan discount points process and their associated costs to determine if they are a beneficial option for your requirements. Discount points are fees paid to the lender upfront to reduce the interest rate, typically calculated as a percentage of the loan amount. Depending on the number of discount points you pay, the interest rate can decrease by up to 1.

5%. However, it's not a guarantee that paying discount points will result in a better interest rate, so it's essential to prepare and weigh your options carefully. Additionally, paying for discount points is an upfront cost that should be factored into your loan budget to ensure a smooth loan process.

Considering these factors will ensure you make an informed decision that meets your needs.

Loan Origination Fees

Lenders or brokers charge loan origination fees for processing and originating a loan. These fees usually range from.5 to 1 percent of the total loan amount and can increase the overall cost of the loan. Loan origination fees are charged in addition to the VA funding fee and may be due at closing or added to your monthly mortgage payment. When calculating the total cost of a VA loan, it is essential to factor in the loan origination fee.

Sometimes, lenders may waive loan origination fees to incentivize borrowers to use their loan services. It's essential to understand if any fees are waived or added to the loan, as these can significantly affect your total loan costs. To get the best deal when shopping for a VA loan, comparing fees, loan terms, and other factors is essential before deciding.

Loan Eligibility Requirements

To qualify for a VA loan, meeting specific military service requirements and having a disability rating from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) are essential benefits. Military service requirements may vary, but generally, you must have served at least 90 days of active duty (during wartime) or 181 days of active duty (during peacetime).

Additionally, the VA must assign you a disability rating based on thoroughly examining your medical records, which can lead to multiple benefits. When you use a VA loan, you save a lot of money on the closing process compared to conventional refinancing or purchasing options.

VA loans do not require a down payment, and you have lower interest rates, allowing you to save money over time.

However, it would be best to remember that you will still have some closing costs and fees associated with securing your loan, so it's essential to budget accordingly and understand these costs upfront.

Additionally, you must abide by the VA loan limits set by the county where you buy a home, which may vary depending on the county and type of loan you pursue.

Loan Limits

The Department of Veterans Affairs bases its determination of VA loan limits on the conforming loan limits set by the Federal Housing Finance Agency. The limits vary based on the loan type, amount, and county in which the loan is being processed. Generally, the maximum loan limit for a VA loan is $726,200 for 2023, although higher amounts are sometimes allowed.

The VA funding fee is calculated as a percentage of the total loan amount, usually between 1. 25% and 3. 3%.

The VA funding fee may be exempt or reduced depending on the loan amount and type. Knowing the loan limits and associated funding fees can help you better understand the total cost of your loan.

Loan Closing Costs

Loan closing costs are essential to the home loan process, whether for a VA loan, a refinance, or any other loan program. When preparing for a home purchase or refinancing, it's crucial to understand the associated expenses involved in closing the mortgage loan. VA closing costs typically include appraisal fees, title insurance, and notary charges.

These costs are one-time payments that homebuyers are required to make before finalizing the loan. The closing date marks an important milestone in homeownership, as it signifies the completion of the loan process. Homebuyers must budget for closing costs, which can vary depending on the loan type and the property's location.

Prepaying certain expenses, such as property taxes and insurance premiums, may also be necessary during closing. By being aware of the potential costs and diligently working with a knowledgeable VA lender, homebuyers can navigate the loan closing process smoothly and achieve their goal of homeownership.

Loan Closing Process

Home buying can be exciting but overwhelming, especially when understanding the various requirements and fees. For veterans utilizing a VA loan program, it's crucial to ensure they prepare and understand the process thoroughly.

One significant aspect of a VA loan is the VA funding fee, a one-time fee that supports the program and helps eligible borrowers secure a home loan without mortgage insurance or a down payment. While this fee is a requirement for the loan, borrowers can also explore the option of rolling it into their mortgage.

Along with the VA funding fee, borrowers must know the closing process's associated costs and expenses. These can include third-party fees such as appraisals and title insurance. By completely understanding the closing process, veterans can ensure a smooth home-buying experience and secure the mortgage loan that suits their needs.

Real estate professionals can also provide valuable assistance and guidance to veterans navigating the loan process. With their knowledge and expertise, they can help veterans understand the requirements and options and ensure a successful home-buying experience.

Tips on Choosing a Real Estate Agent

Working with a real estate agent can be a huge benefit when it comes to home buying. However, it's essential to understand the process and requirements, including items such as a down payment, closing costs, and the VA funding fee for veterans who qualify for a VA loan.

To ensure a smooth process, prepare by researching and selecting an agent with expertise in the specific area or type of property you are interested in. They can help explain the process and options available, such as mortgage insurance, and how to mitigate costs.

It's also essential to understand the closing process and any requirements, including the VA funding fee and closing costs. Your agent can help you understand and navigate these items, helping to ensure a smooth and successful home-buying experience.


In summary, using a VA loan to purchase a home can be a great option for eligible veterans and service members. By understanding the VA loan closing process and what to expect, you can make informed decisions and avoid any surprises that could delay your closing. Remember to consult with your real estate agent or loan officer if you have any further questions about VA loans or the home buying process.