VA Loan Closing Costs

A pen with a notepad, and a wooden home laying on top of a document that reads United States Department of Veteran AffairsIf you're using a VA loan to buy a house, you must pay various fees when the loan contract is finalized. These costs are referred to as VA loan closing costs and involve the expenses associated with establishing the loan. Typically, these costs are lower for VA loans than other loan programs.

Some examples of VA loan closing costs include the VA appraisal fee, loan officer fee, and the VA funding fee. The total loan amount also influences the closing costs. However, you can negotiate with the seller to pay part or all of the closing costs to reduce the burden on you. By understanding VA loan closing costs, you can avoid surprises when finalizing your loan agreement.

What are the Closing Costs on a VA Loan?

Closing costs are an essential aspect of getting a VA loan. The cost of closing a loan is the money you pay for services and expenses associated with obtaining your mortgage. It includes fees charged by your lender, third-party providers, and government agencies.

Some typical closing costs on VA loans include appraisal fees, credit report fees, title insurance premiums, recording fees, and origination fees. However, the amount you will be required to pay varies based on several factors, such as location and the type of mortgage lender you choose.

When obtaining a VA loan, there are limits to the closing costs VA borrowers can be charged. This ensures that veterans aren't faced with excessive expenses while securing their dream homes. Lenders usually provide a breakdown of all the anticipated charges before the final agreement to allow VA borrowers to make informed financial decisions. The number of closing costs for a VA loan may differ according to the mortgage loan, and it's essential to understand the differences when you get to the closing table.

Understanding the VA Loan Funding Fee

When researching VA loan closing costs, it's essential to understand the VA loan funding fee. This fee is set by the Department of Veterans Affairs that is paid directly to the VA. It helps offset costs associated with ensuring veterans can access the home loan benefits earned through their service.

The VA loan funding fee is typically added to the loan balance rather than paid upfront. It is not included in the Closing Disclosure given to borrowers before closing, and instead, it is reflected in the final settlement statement.

The VA loan funding fee is integral to understanding closing costs since it can significantly differ from a standard mortgage closing cost. The precise amount of the funding fee is based on the type of loan and the borrower's military category.

The Difference Between a Lender and Third-party VA Mortgage Closing Costs

It is essential to consider when taking out a VA loan. Closing costs are the additional fees and expenses related to the purchase of a house that the borrower must pay in addition to the loan principal. The lender's closing costs are typically associated with the mortgage or loan origination fee.

In contrast, third-party closing costs may refer to fees that must be paid to other entities, such as an appraiser or title company. Lender closing costs may include fees to originate, process, and close the loan, while third-party closing costs typically include services such as a title search, escrow, or recording fees. It's essential to calculate and compare all the potential closing costs on a VA loan, both the lender and third-party entities, before signing any loan agreement.

What Expenses Can Be Covered by VA Loan Closing Costs?

VA loan closing costs differ from other loan types since some of the costs incurred can be paid for by the seller or even waived utterly. This means that, depending on the situation, closing costs on a VA loan can be substantially lower than the closing costs associated with other types of loans. VA loan closing costs can include loan origination fees, appraisal fees, title search and title insurance, survey fees, taxes, prepaid interest, and other associated costs. Additionally, these closing costs can be broken down into two categories: those the borrower pays and the seller pays.

Understanding VA Loan Discount Points and Their Impact on Closing Costs

is essential in understanding VA loan closing costs. Closing costs are fees associated with purchasing a home and typically include fees for an appraisal, title search, credit report, and origination fees. Discount points can be included in these closing costs, significantly affecting the total amount paid. 

Discount points are fees paid to reduce the loan's interest rate and are usually calculated as a percentage of the loan amount. One point equals one-quarter percent (.25%) of the loan amount, and the points are paid upfront. Depending on the specific loan and market conditions, borrowers may choose to pay points to lower the interest rate on their loans. At closing, VA loan closing costs will include the cost of any points that have been paid, so it is essential to understand the impact of including these points. 

In addition to understanding its impact on closing costs, it is essential to consider how the loan cost may differ with points included or excluded. Generally, the more points a borrower pays at closing, the lower their interest rate and the less they will pay over the life of the loan. Borrowers should carefully consider the different use of points and their closing costs before deciding which loan is right for them.

VA Loan Transfer Fees: What to Expect

Factoring in closing costs is essential when taking out a VA loan. Closing costs can vary significantly between different lenders and can be higher than those associated with other types of loans. Before signing the loan agreement, asking your lender for a list of expected closing costs is important. Generally, VA loans have a few essential closing costs, including an origination fee and discount points. 

Be sure to ask your lender about any other closing costs associated with the VA loan. Depending on your lender, you may also have to pay closing costs, such as a credit report fee or a fee for transferring the loan. These fees can make a difference in the total cost of the loan, so it is essential to make sure you understand what kind of fees to expect. Furthermore, closing costs are typically different between VA loans and other types of loans, so be sure to ask your lender how the closing costs on a VA loan differ from others.

How to Reduce VA Closing Costs With Seller Concessions

Closing costs on a VA loan can vary from one loan to another and may include an appraisal, underwriting, and credit report fees. Sometimes, the seller may be willing to reduce the buyer's closing costs by including a seller concession in the sales contract. A seller concession is an additional payment to reduce the buyer's out-of-pocket closing costs. This could include paying points, loan origination fees, and other associated costs. Depending on the real estate market's state, buyers should ask the seller if a concession can lower VA loan closing costs.

Paying Closing Costs With a Seller Concession 

Maximum seller concessions on a VA mortgage refer to the amount of money a home seller can contribute towards the closing costs of a VA loan borrower. Regarding VA loans, there is no cap on how much sellers can assist with closing costs other than a 4% limit on prepaid and escrow costs. The seller may pay ALL the veteran (or spouse) closing costs.

For those unfamiliar, a VA loan is designed for veterans, service members, and eligible surviving spouses who want to buy or refinance their homes at favorable terms. One advantage of this type of mortgage is that qualified borrowers can finance up to 100% of their home’s value without paying for mortgage insurance.

Seller concessions can be used to cover various expenses associated with buying a home, such as title fees, appraisal fees, prepaid taxes and insurance, and other similar costs.

VA Loan Appraisal Fees: What You Need to Know

Regarding closing costs, VA loan closing costs differ from other types of loans. A VA loan closing cost includes an appraisal fee, which is a fee that is paid to an appraiser to estimate the value of the home. Generally, appraisal fees come out of the buyer's pocket, but sellers may sometimes choose o cover the cost in some requires a VA-approved appraiser to complete the appraisal. The fee for a VA home loan appraisal may vary, depending on the area, the size and type of home, and the complexity of the appraisal. Generally, the appraisal fee will range from $300 to $400, but it can be more. Getting an estimate from the appraiser before signing your loan documents is essential to determine the final cost.

The Role of Title Insurance in VA Loan Closing Costs

One of the typical closing costs on a VA loan is title insurance. Title insurance is a one-time fee that protects the borrower and lender against any legal claims regarding the property title. The cost of title insurance differs for every loan, depending on the percentage of the loan amount and the state in which the property is located. The cost of title insurance typically ranges from $2 to 2.5 percent of the loan amount and is due at closing. It's important to factor in title insurance when calculating the total VA loan closing costs.

VA Loan Origination Fees: Explained

When applying for a VA loan program, it is important to remember that there will be closing costs that you will have to pay. These closing costs can include origination fees, which cover processing your mortgage application and creating necessary paperwork. Depending on the lender, the origination fees for VA loans can range from 0.5% to 1% of the loan amount. You may also have to pay more in interest due to the lender's fees and other related costs and fees.

One thing to remember is that VA loans limit the fees that lenders may impose on borrowers. For instance, VA loans cannot be subject to application or broker fees from lenders. The closing charges and appraisal fees that come along with securing a mortgage must also be considered by borrowers.

While origination costs for VA loans may seem extra, it's crucial to remember that these loans often offer better terms than standard mortgages.

Prepaid Items and Escrow Accounts in VA Loan Closing Costs

Closing costs include prepaid and pre-funded costs at the closing itself. Prepaid costs may include taxes, insurance premiums, and interest for the first month of the loan. An escrow account is also typically set up to pay the property's future taxes and insurance premiums. 

These closing costs are paid in addition to the down payment and other closing costs associated with the loan. They understand that a VA loan's closing costs differ from non-VA loan closing costs. Understanding all the different closing costs associated with a VA loan is essential to ensuring the closing process goes smoothly.


In conclusion, albeit complex, VA loan closing costs are an essential aspect of the home-buying process. While it may take some time to understand the various fees and expenses associated with a VA loan, it is in the borrower's best interest to be aware of all the costs associated with their loan.

Understanding the different closing costs, including the VA loan funding fee, lender and third-party fees, discount points, transfer fees, appraisal fees, and title insurance fees, can help ensure that the closing costs are manageable and that the home-buying process is a success. With the potential for seller concessions and prepaid items, savvy VA loan borrowers can save money when it comes time to close.

VA Funding Fee and Loan Closing Costs

Recommended Reading
VA Loan Closing Costs Paid by a Seller Concession
Frequently Asked Questions About VA Loans and Home Buying
Easily Calculate the VA Loan Funding Fee on a Mortgage
Learn About the VA Cash-out Refinance Mortgage